What are Barbiturates?
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma. They also have been used as sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics, and anticonvulsants. Barbiturates are classified as: Ultrashort, Short, Intermediate, and Long-acting.
What is their Origin?
Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today, few substances are in medical use. Common street names include: Barbs, Block Busters, Christmas Trees, Goof Balls, Pinks, Red Devils, Reds & Blues, and Yellow Jackets.
What do they look like?
Barbiturates come in a variety of multicolored pills and tablets. Users prefer the short-acting and intermediate barbiturates such as Amytal® and Seconal®.
How are they abused?
Barbiturates are abused by swallowing a pill or injecting a liquid form. Barbiturates are generally abused to reduce anxiety, decrease inhibitions, and treat unwanted effects of illicit drugs. Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous because overdoses can occur easily and lead to death.
What is their effect on the mind?
Barbiturates cause: Mild euphoria, lack of restraint, relief of anxiety, and sleepiness. Higher doses cause: Impairment of memory, judgment, and coordination; irritability; and paranoid and suicidal ideation. Tolerance develops quickly and larger doses are then needed to produce the same effect, increasing the danger of an overdose.
What is their effect on the body?
Barbiturates slow down the central nervous system and cause sleepiness. Effects of overdose include: Central nervous system depression, decreased respiration, increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure, decreased urine production, decreased body temperature, coma, and possible death.
Which drugs cause similar effects?
Drugs with similar effects include: Alcohol, benzodiazepines like Valium® and Xanax®, tranquilizers, sleeping pills, Rohypnol®, and GHB.
What is their legal status in the United States? Barbiturates are Schedule II, III, and IV depressants under the Controlled Substances Act.
Testing for Barbiturates
A drug test for barbiturates is not included in the standard 5-panel drug test primarily used by employers. This 5-panel drug test includes marijuana, cocaine, amphetamine/methamphetamine, opiates, and PCP. The five panel drug test does not include testing for barbiturates. Typically barbiturates are tested in 7-panel and above.
Barbiturates drug testing can be done with urine, hair or blood testing. Each test shows a different look back period with oral fluid being the shortest and hair the longest. Premier Drug and DNA Testing, LLC can perform a hair test for Barbiturates, urine test for Barbiturates, or nail test for Barbiturates. A blood test is invasive and very expensive so not used very often. The hair drug test for Barbiturates is used to show use going back up to 90 days. If you want to know how to pass a Barbiturates drug test, it is best to stop using Barbiturates. You can then always get a Barbiturates drug test to make sure you are now clean.